Sui (581-618) & Tang (618 - 907) Dynasties

According to a Tang Dynasty record, Empress Wu Ze Tien (623-705) issued an order to change the name “Xi”, which was up until then used for imperial seals, to “Bao” (literally means treasure). She avoided the word ”Xi” because it was close in pronunciation to ”Si” (death). Later when Emperor Tang Zhong Zong resumed the throne in 705, he changed the name for imperial seals back to Xi. Since then Xi and Bao were used interchangeably from the Sung and Yuan Dynasties to the Ching Dynasty.

The calligraphy style and script method of the Tang Seals were quite different from the Han Seals. The scripts changed from white to red and this tradition was followed by later dynasties.




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